Judgment 034/2014 of the Finnish Central Tax Office (CBT) stated that commissions levied by a foreign exchange market for Bitcoin purchases are banking services under the EU VAT Directive and are therefore exempt from VAT. Indeed, the court classified bitcoins as payment instruments – while most countries treat their use as an unregulated method of exchanging goods or even as a crime.   There is no specific legislation on Bitcoins in Greece. : Greece According to PricewaterhouseCoopers, four of the 10 largest initial coin offerings on offer used Switzerland as a base, where they are often registered as charitable foundations. Swiss regulator FINMA said it would take a “balanced approach” to ICO projects, allowing “legitimate innovators to navigate the regulatory landscape, thereby launching their projects in a manner consistent with national laws protecting investors and the integrity of the financial system.” In response to numerous requests from industry representatives, a legislative working group on ICOs began issuing legal guidelines in 2018 aimed at removing uncertainty from cryptocurrency offerings and establishing sustainable business practices.  On March 25, 2014, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ruled that Bitcoin would be treated as property for tax purposes. they are neither legal tender nor currency, (3) cannot be used to settle tax obligations, (4) do not meet the criterion of universal acceptance at points of purchase and service, (5) are not electronic money, (6) are not payment services (in legal terms), (7) are not financial instruments (in legal terms). They added that trading in virtual currencies in Poland does not violate national or European law, but that virtual “currencies” carry many risks: (1) risk related to the possibility of losing funds due to theft, (2) risk related to lack of security, (3) risk of lack of universal acceptance, (4) risk related to the possibility of fraud, (5) Risk of a high price change. Because of these risks, NBP and KNF warn against buying and investing in virtual currencies. BNP and KNF acknowledge that the purchase, possession and sale of virtual currencies by entities supervised by KNF (e.g. banks) would be subject to high risk and would not ensure stable and prudent management of the financial institution.
Financial institutions should be cautious when it comes to engaging and cooperating with virtual currency “trading companies.” In March, the Bitcoin transaction log, called blockchain, temporarily split into two independent chains with different rules for accepting transactions. For six hours, two Bitcoin networks operated simultaneously, each with its own version of the transaction history. The main developers called for a temporary halt to transactions, which triggered a strong liquidation.  Normal operation was restored when most of the network was downgraded to version 0.7 of the Bitcoin software.  Mount .